Recording Pioneers


William Sinkler DARBY  1878 - 1950   PIONEER    PARENTS    LIFE    NOTES    LABELS    PHOTOS    THANK YOU

PIONEER

William Sinkler DARBY  1878 - 1950

aka William S. Darby, William Darby, W. S. Darby, W. Sinkler Darby, Sinkler Darby, W. Darby, S. Darby
nationality
occupation
birth 8 Oct 1878, Fort Motte, Amelia Township, Orangeburg, South Carolina
baptism
death 15 Dec 1950 Baltimore, MD.
burial Druid Ridge Cemetery, 7900 Park Heights Ave., Pikesville, MD 21208 (00. 1. 410. 486 5300)
marriage married on 24 November 1910, Wimbledon, Kingston, ENGLAND:
Marcelle Minna Olga ROBERTS

b. 3/5 Oct. 1887/1888, Shortlands, Kent, ENGLAND
d. .. <1967>, Oxford(?)


Marcelle Olga Eusina Roberts

b. 3 Oct 1888; christening 2 June 1889, Beckenham, Kent, ENGLAND
d. ...............


(her father: George ROBERTS / her mother: Martha Louise CLEMENCE)
children
  • John Sinkler

    b. 17 or 19 Aug 1912, Wimbledon, ENGLAND
    d. at ca. age 18 in <1930>, ........., SWITZERLAND

  • Kathleen Merion

    b. 13 Oct 1914, Wimbledon, ENGLAND
    d. .. July 1998, Wokingham, Berkshire

  • Robert ("Bob") Sinkler

    b. 3 March 1919, Ealing, London
    d. .. April 1997, ........, Mendip, Somerset



PARENTS

father Henry Sinkler DARBY

b. Dec 1849 or Jan 1850, SC
d. 10 Jan 1904, Washington DC) clerk in store

mother Mary Eleanor/Ellen HILLIARD

b. 15 Nov 1838, Hagerstown, Washington, MD
d. .......... (after 1912 = in view of 1912 Passport Application of Mary Ellen DARBY

remark (source: The Fred Gaisberg Diaries - Part 6 in: The Talking Machine Review No. 62, 1980, p. 1686)
children
  • Wiliam Sinkler Darby

    b. 8 Oct 1878, Fort Motte, Amelia Township, Orangeburg, South Carolina
    d. 15 Dec 1950, Baltimore, MD.



LIFE




1840 CENSUS (no date; St. Matthew Parish, Orangeburg, South Carolina):
Dr. A. T. DARBY
4 males under 5
1 male between 30-40
2 females 20-30
1 female 60-70



1850 CENSUS (15 Nov 1850, between Santee and Edisto North of Belville Road, Orangeburg, SC):
Artemus T. [Thomson] DARBY (44y; b. <1806>) planter
Margaret G./C. [Thomson] (30y)
- John (15y)
- William (14y)
- Charles (13y)
- Elliott (11y)
- Francis (6y)
- Jefferson (4y)
- Burnham (3y)
- Henry (11m)



1860 CENSUS:
............



In all Artemus and Margaret Darby had 13 children.
By the time of the 1870 CENSUS all Henry's older brothers had apparently left home.


1870 CENSUS (15 July 1870, Pine Grove, Orangeburg, SC):
Artemus T. [Thomson] DARBY (64y; b. <1806>) physician
Margaret G./C. [Thomson] (51y)
- Henry S. (= Sinkler) (21y)
- Mary A. (19y)
- Eliza E. (18y)
- Margaret C. (10y)
- Harriett L. (8y)
- Artemus T. (12y)



1880 CENSUS (10 June 1880, Fort Motte Amelia Township, Orangeburg, SC):
Henry (30y) clerk in store
Mary (38y)
- Sinkler (2y)



recorder GRAMCO (A; B/g x/h y/i(j))

joined BRUNSWICK



W. S. DARBY
SS "KAISER WILHELM DER GROSSE"
dep. New York: Tuesday 14 March 1899 (he was seen off by Joe SANDERS
arr. Cherbourg: Monday 20 March 1899
arr. Southampton: 20 March 1899
arr. Bremen, GERMANY: Tuesday 21 March 1899 or Wednesday 22 March 1899
Kurt HEINECKE came to meet Darby at the boat.



W. S. DARBY
SS "........."
dep. New York: ..... 1901
arr. England: .. Aug 1901
11 Aug 1901 (Wednesday): Next morning I met Sinkler Darby, who had just returned from America. (source: The Fred Gaisberg Diaries - Part 6 (in: The Talking Machine Review No. 62, 1980, pp. 1686)



W. S. DARBY (26y)
SS "CYMRIC"
dep. New York (& Boston?): .... 1903
arr. Queenstown (IRELAND) - Southampton (ENGALND): 25 Nov 1903

On 10 January 1904 Darby's father Henry Sinkler DARBY dies



Sinclair DARBY (26y) recording expert
SS "CRETIC"
dep. Liverpool, ENGLAND: 16 June 1904,
arr. Boston: 25 June 1904

Darby was in the USA from 25 June to 4 August 1904



dep. ..... USA: 4 August 1904
"Mr. William Sinkler Darby sailed on 4 August for Europe on the "DEUTSCHLAND"." (Washington Post 7/8/1904)
arr. ..... ENGLAND: <11> August 1904



W. S. DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 7 July 1905
port of departure: Dover, Kent, England (UK)
ship's name: SS "DEUTSCHLAND"
date of arrival: 13 July 1905, New York, USA
age on arrival: -
"Mr. W. Sinkler Darby, of this city [= Washington], arrived yesterday [in Washington] on the steamship "DEUTSCHLAND" on a short visit to 1139 Ninth Street Northwest." (Washington Post 15/7/1905)



"Mr. W. Sinkler Darby, of this city [= Washington], sailed from New York last Tuesday (= 8 August 1905) on the "KAISER WILHELM DER GROSSE" for Europe." (Washington Post 13/8/1905)
arrival EUROPE <15> August 1905


William Sinkler DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 29 Nov 1906
port of departure: Cuxhaven, Hamburg, GERMANY
ship's name: SS "KAISERIN AUGUSTE VICTORIA"
date of arrival: 10 Dec 1906, New York, USA
age on arrival: 28y
"Mr. W. Sinkler Darby, of this city, has returned from Europe and is spending two weeks with his mother at Battery Park Hotel, Asheville, N.C." (Washington Post 22/12/1906)



Darby left USA on 7 January 1907 (source Passport application #52001, No. 57 (Paris, 23 June 1908))
Arrives back in EUROPE <14> January 1907
--------------------------------------------------------------

"Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Blythe and Mr. W. Sinkler Darby are Washingtonians recently registered at Paris." (Washington Post 22/12/1906)



William S. DARBY (34y)
SS "BALTIC"
21 Aug 1913, Liverpool
30 Aug 1913, New York
Born: Fort Motte, S. C., 8 Oct. ‘78
Belvue Stratford, Phila[delphia], USA



William S. DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: .. Sep 1913
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: SS "LUSITANIA" (Cunard Line)
date of arrival: 30 Sep 1913, Liverpool, ENGLAND, UK (via Fishguard, Wales)
age on arrival: 35y
place of residence UK: 29, Corfton Road, Ealing, ENGLAND, UK

(The LUSITANIA was torpedoed in 1916)



William Sinkler DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 16 Nov 1920
port of departure: Liverpool, England, UK
ship's name: SS "EMPRESS OF FRANCE"
date of arrival: 24 Nov 1920, Quebec, CANADA
age on arrival: 42y
place of residence USA: New Willard Hotel, Washington DC, USA

Applied for registration of Darbycord ('From the Darbycord Studios.') in November 1920.
Registered as trade mark in April 1921.



William S. DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: .. May 1921
port of departure: Quebec, CANADA
ship's name: SS "EMPRESS OF FRANCE" (Canadian Pacific Line) (NOT SS "EMPRESS OF BRITAIN"
date of arrival: 1 June 1921, Liverpool, ENGLAND, UK
age on arrival: 42y
place of residence UK: 29, Corfton Road, Ealing, ENGLAND, UK



William Sinkler DARBY
with Marcelle. M. O. DARBY (33y 6m)
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 22 Apr 1922
port of departure: Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
ship's name: SS "AQUITANIA"
date of arrival: 28 Apr 1922, New York
age on arrival: 43y 6m
place of residence USA: Kensington, MD, USA


Submitted trade mark Photovox (disc records) for registration in May 1922.


William Sinkler DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 26 Aug 1922
port of departure: Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
ship's name: SS "MAURETANIA"
date of arrival: 2 Sept 1922, New York, USA
age on arrival: 43y 10m
place of residence USA:

In November 1922 registration of Photovox as a trade mark fro disc records.


William S. DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: .. Dec 1922
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: SS "MAJESTIC" (White Star Line)
date of arrival: 22 Dec 1922, Southampton (via Cherbourg), ENGLAND, UK
age on arrival: 44y
place of residence UK: 29, Corfton Road, Ealing, ENGLAND, UK





William Sinkler DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 31 Jan 1923
port of departure: Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
ship's name: SS "OLYMPIC"
date of arrival: 7 Feb 1923
age on arrival: 44y
place of residence USA: Biltmore Hotel, New York City, NY, USA
now: Restaurant The Biltmore Room, 290 Eighth Avenue, Chelsea New York
or: Madison Avenue & 43rd Street



William DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: .. Apr 1923
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: HMS "OLYMPIC" (White Star Line)
date of arrival: 5 May 1923, Southampton , ENGLAND, UK
age on arrival: 44y
place of residence UK: 29, Corfton Road, Ealing





W. Sinkler DARBY
+ Marcelle DARBY (34y)
+ John Sinkler DARBY (10y)
+ Kathleen DARBY (8y)
+ Robt. = Robert Sinkler DARBY (4y)
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 23 May 1923
port of departure: Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
ship's name: SS "MAJESTIC"
date of arrival: 29 May 1923
age on arrival: 44y
place of residence USA: 16, West 36th Street, New York City, NY
plus marriage date (24 Nov. 1910) and birthdates/birthplaces of all children.



[Mrs.] Sinkler DARBY housewife (35y)
+ John DARBY (11y)
+ Kathleen DARBY (9y)
+ Robert DARBY (5y)
ethnicity: USA citizens
profession:
date of departure: ... June 1924
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: SS "MAJESTIC" (White Star Line)
date of arrival: 28 June 1924, Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
age on arrival: 35y
place of residence UK: Martholme, Parkside, Wimbledon Common, London, ENGLAND, UK





William DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: .. July 1924
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: HMS "MAJESTIC" (White Star Line) (NOT: PITTSBURGH)
date of arrival: 24 July 1924, Southampton , ENGLAND, UK
age on arrival: 45y
place of residence UK: 29, Corfton Road, Ealing, UK



W. Sinkler DARBY
+ Marcelle DARBY (35y)
+ John Sinkler DARBY (12y)
+ Kathleen DARBY (9y)
+ Robt. (= Robert) Sinkler DARBY (5y)
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 3 Sept 1924
port of departure: Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
ship's name: SS "OLYMPIC"
date of arrival: 9 Sept 1924
age on arrival: 45y
place of residence USA: 128 Corona Avenue, Pelham, New York City, NY, USA



Marcelle DARBY (36y ; NOT 32y))
SS "MAJESTIC"
Arr.: 28 Aug 1925, Southampton, UK





Marcelle DARBY (36y)
SS "OLYMPIC"
30 Sept 1925, Southampton
6 Oct 1925, NY
128 Corona Ave., Pelham, NY, USA



William S. DARBY (47y)
+ Marcelle DARBY (37y)
SS "AQUITANIA"
10 Febr 1926, Southampton
17 Febr 1926, New York
128 Corona Ave., Pelham, NY, USA



William DARBY (47y) engineer
SS "AQUITANIA"
... March 1926, New York
26 March 1926, Southampton
Martholme, Parkside, Wimbledon, London, ENGLAND



William S. DARBY (47y) engineer
SS "AQUITANIA" (Cunard Line)
24 April 1926, Southampton
30 April 1926, New York
128 Corona Av., Pelham, New York, USA



William S. DARBY (47y) engineer
SS "MAJESTIC" (White Star Line)
... June 1926, New York
11 June 1926, Southampton
Martholme, Parkside, Wimbledon, London, ENGLAND



William S. DARBY (47y) engineer
SS "AQUITANIA" (Cunard Line)
24 July 1926, Southampton
30 July 1926, New York
128 Corona Av., Pelham, New York





William DARBY engineer
+ Marcelle DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: ... Aug 1926
port of departure: New York, USA (via Cherbourg)
ship's name: HMS "AQUITANIA" (Cunard Line)
date of arrival: 31 Aug 1926, Southampton , ENGLAND, UK
age on arrival: 47y
place of residence UK: Martholme, Parkside, Wimbledon, London, ENGLAND


Newspaper clippings from British newspapers about a demonstration of the PANATROPE:

5 Oct 1926 (The Times): The Panatrope. New Electrical Instrument for reproducing Music.
5 Oct 1926 (The Daily Graphic): The Newest Magic
5 Oct 1926 (Westminster Gazette): The Panatrope. Invention that can be fitted to wireless.
5 Oct 1926 (Financial News): The "Panatrope." Latest Sound Reproducer
5 Oct 1926 (Daily Chronicle): Music Picked up by "Magnet". Electricity Replaces the Gramophone Sound-Box
5 Oct 1926 (Daily Mirror): The Panatrope
5 Oct 1926 (Daily News): The Panatrope. Wonders of a new gramophone
5 Oct 1926 (Glasgow Herald): New Style Gramophone. The Electric "Panatrope".
5 Oct 1926 (Morning Post: New Gramophone

9 Oct 1926 (Sporting Times): Improving the Tone
9 Oct 1926 (The Daily Telegraph: The Panatrope

10 Oct 1925 (The Referee): The "Panatrope."
10 Oct 1925 (Reynolds News): The "Panatrope."
10 Oct 1925 (Sunday News): Enter the Panatrope

An undated article entitled "Points from the Introductory Remarks" (source of article unknown)

Also on Panatrope: Very Nearly To Talkies Without The Costs. British Exhibitors, Reproducers and Synchronisers, 1927-1929. MA History of Film and Visual Media Dissertation by Simon Murphy, September 2005


William S. DARBY (48y) engineer
SS "AQUITANIA" (Cunard Line)
1 Dec 1926, Cherbourg
7 Dec 1926, New York
128 Corona Ave., Pelham, New York, USA
Born: Orange City, S.C., USA



William S. DARBY engineer
+ Marcelle DARBY (38y)
+ John S. DARBY (14y)
+ Kathleen M. DARBY (12y)
+ Robert M. DARBY (7y)
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: .. Jan 1927, New York
port of departure:
ship's name: SS "OLYMPIC"
date of arrival: 4 Feb 1927, Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
age on arrival: 48y
place of residence: Martholme, Parkside, Wimbledon, UK



William Sinkler DARBY engineer
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: ... Dec 1929
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: SS "BREMEN" (North German Lloyd)
date of arrival: 20 Dec 1929, Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
age on arrival: 51y
place of residence UK: 49 Roehampton Lane, London S.W.15.



William DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession: engineer
date of departure: .. Dec 1930
port of departure: New York, USA
ship's name: HMS "AQUITANIA" (Cunard Line)
date of arrival: 10 Dec 1930, Southampton , ENGLAND, UK
age on arrival: 52y
place of residence UK: 49 Roehampton Lane, London S.W.15.



William Sinkler DARBY
ethnicity: USA citizen
profession:
date of departure: 25 Febr 1939
port of departure: Southampton, Southamptonshire, England, UK
ship's name: SS "AQUITANIA"
date of arrival: 3 March 1939
age on arrival: 60y
place of residence USA: c/o American Express Co., 605 Fifth Avenue, New York City



Marcelle DARBY (58y)
AMERICAN OVERSEAS AIRLINES
25 Sep 1946, London
26 Sep 1946. New York
Bronxville Hotel, Bronxville, N.Y.
(OFF AT SHANNON)
26 Sep 1946, Shannon, EIRE
27 Sep 1946. New York
Bronxville Hotel, Bronxville, N.Y.



Marcelle DARBY
RMS “MAURETANIA”
dep. New York: .. May 1947
arr. Southampton (via Cherbourg): 6 June 1947



Sinkler DARBY (69y)
+ Marcelle DARBY (59y)
SS "QUEEN MARY"
dep.: 20 Nov 1947, Southampton, ENGLAND
arr.: 25 Nov 1947, New York, NY
WRONG IMAGE SHOWN (IMAGE 168)

ADDRESSES OF W. S. DARBY IN USA:
1880 Fort Motte (Amelia Township), Orangeburg, South Carolina (birthplace)

At some time between 1880 and 1890 the Darby family (Henry, Margaret and Sinkler) moved to Washington
Arguments for this are:
- the 1890/1891 Washington addresses of Henry Sinkler Darby.
- Henry Sinkler Darby died on 10 Jan 1904 at La Grand Flats, G Street, northwest, Washington, D.C..
- see also Washington Post of 22 December 1906) describes Sinkler as a "Washingtonian".
- Passport Applications


Washington Addresses HENRY SINKLER DARBY (wife Margaret and son William Sinkler probably included)
1890 2 F northwest, Washington, D.C. (Washington, D.C. City Directory, 1890) clerk
1891 411 NY avenue, northwest, Washington, D.C. (Washington, D.C. City Directory, 1890 (= 1891?)) bookkeeper


.... 500 block of 12th Street, N.W., Washington DC ? (source: Sam Brylawski)
1905 (July) 1139 Ninth Street, N.W., Washington DC (source: Washington Post of 15 July 1905)


REGISTRATION CARDS 1917/1918:
.... 523 - 11th St., Washington, D.C. (nearest relative: mother, wife and two children = ca post-1914)
.... 523 - 11th Street, Washington, D.C. (dependant on Darby for support: mother, wife and two children = ca post-1914)


ADDRESSES OF W. S. DARBY IN ENGLAND:
1914 Highlands, Murray Road, Wimbledon
1916 29 Corfton Road, Ealing, W.5.
1918 29 Corfton Road, Ealing, W.5.
1919 29 Corfton Road, Ealing, W.5.


ADDRESSES OF W. S. DARBY IN USA:
1922 Kensington, Maryland
19.. 170 West 107th Street, New York City, NY
.... Biltmore/Biltmere Hotel, New York City, NY
1923 16 West 36th Street, New York City, NY (1923)
1924-1926 128 Corona Avenue, Pelham, New York (1924/1925/1926)
........ 100 N. Eutaw Street, Baltimore I, Maryland
19**-1950 101 West Monument Street, Baltimore, MD
3448 Park Heights Avenue, Baltimore, MD (Miss Peters)


ADDRESSES OF W. S. DARBY IN ENGLAND:
1926-1927 Martholme, Parkside, Wimbledon, UK (house of Marcelle's parents, the ROBERTS family)
1929-1930 49 Roehampton Lane, London S.W.15., UK


W. S. DARBY PASSPORT APPLICATIONS
* passportsWSDARBY.doc


- No. 3244
issued Washington, 13 March 1899
born: Columbia, SC


LEFT USA SEPTEMBER 1901


- No. 301
issued Berlin, 17 April 1903
born: Columbia, SC


- 2708
issued Berlin, 2 Apr 1906
NOT AVAILABLE


LEFT US ON 7 JANUARY 1907


- 52001 (No. 57)
issued Paris, 23 June 1908
born: Orangeburg County, SC


LAST LEFT US SEPTEMBER 1913 (SOURCE: 12997)


- 810
issued London, 5 Aug 1914


- 44405
issued London, 24 Nov 1914
born: Orangeburg, Co., SC


- 38926 (3558)
issued London, 9 Nov/Dec 1916
born: Fort Motte


- 12997 (No. 5075)
issued Washington, 13 April 1918
born: Orangeburg County


- 137114 (No. 695)
issued Washington, DC or London, 8 Nov 1919
born: Orangeburg, SC


RESIDED FROM 1913 TO NOVEMBER 1920 IN ENGLAND
RESIDED FROM NOVEMBER 1920 TO MARCH 1921 IN CANADA


- 39116 or 30116
issued Montreal, 6 May 1921
born: Orangeburg, SC


REFERENCES:
(Uncle) Thomas Hilliard, Hagerstown, MD
Edward Hilliard, Hagerstown, MD
Will McCardle, Hagerstown, MD
James Adams, Kensington, MD



PASSPORT APPLICATIONS

1908 W. Sinkler DARBY


1916 W. Sinkler DARBY


1918 W. Sinkler DARBY


1919 W. Sinkler DARBY


1921 W. Sinkler DARBY


1924 W. Sinkler DARBY




1916 Marcelle M. O. DARBY
picture of Mary Ellen DARBY (W. S. Darby's mother)

1917 Marcelle M. O. DARBY


1918 Marcelle M. O. DARBY


1921 Marcelle DARBY


1924 Marcelle DARBY


1912 Mary Ellen DARBY (Darby's mother)



NOTES

  • Diaries of W. Sinkler Darby (EMI Music Archives / Maryanne Dassonville-Darby)
  • Brunswick by Ross Laird
  • Very Nearly To Talkies Without The Costs. British Exhibitors, Reproducers and Synchronisers, 1927-1929. MA History of Film and Visual Media Dissertation by Simon Murphy, September 2005
  • Photovox, pp. 407-408 of We also have our own records, part 38 by Frank Andrews (in: For the record, No. 31, autumn 2009, part 38)
  • Brunswick Records: A Discography of Recordings, 1916-1931. Volume 1: New York Sessions, 1916-1926 (Discographies) by Ross Laird
  • Brunswick Records: A Discography of Recordings, 1916-1931. Volume 2: New York Sessions, 1927-1931 (Discographies) by Ross Laird
  • Brunswick Records: A Discography of Recordings, 1916-1931. Volume 3: Chicago and Regional Sessions (Discographies) by Ross Laird
  • Brunswick Records: A Discography of Recordings, 1916-1931. Volume 4: Other Non-U.S. Recordings & Indexes; Cliftophone & British Brunswick Recordings 1922-1929; Buenos Aires (Argentina) Recordings; European Recordings. by Ross Laird
  • British Brunswick: The History of Brunswick Cliftophone, Brunswick Cliftophone Ltd. and Brunswick in the 1920 adapted from a talk given to the CLPGS on 23 June 1981 by Frank Andrews (in: Hillandale News No. 122 of Oct 1981 (pp. 265-273))





PHOTOS

Max Hampe and William Sinkler Darby, Bombay, Feb 1905
W. Sinkler Darby instructing his children John and Kathleen for a private recording.
John and Kathleen Darby being recorded.
Notice the poster on the wall: Have you had your voice photographed on a "DARBYCORD"?
Sinkler and his wife Marcelle getting their youngest son Robert (Bob) to perform in front of the horn...
The Darby family and two unknown persons listening to a record.
Notice the picture of the bowler-hatted Titta Ruffo on the wall.
The actual picture given to Sinkler Darby by Titta Ruffo. Written at the bottom:
"A Mr. W. Sinkler Darby. Souvenir d'Amitié, Titta Ruffo. Milano 20 ottobre 1906"
Darbycord pressing of a recording of Darby's youngest son Robert (Bob)
made on 16 February 1922.
Sample pressing on Brunswick of Robert (Bob) Darby,
probably made in 1925, New York.
Original sleeve of the above.
Original sleeve of the above.
Picture of Emile Berliner.
Written in the top right hand corner:
"To Sinkler from his friend Emile Berliner. W[ashington] D.C. Mar[ch] 17, 1920"
Berliner gave an almost identical photograph to Fred Gaisberg
(see opposite p. 11 of Music on Record by F. W. Gaisberg)
from l. to r. (sitting up front): Emile Berliner and Werner Suess
from l. to r. (standing in the middle): Fred Gaisberg, Joe Sanders and Zip Sanders
from l. to r. (standing at the back): W. Sinkler Darby and Raymond Gloetzner



THANK YOU


Maryanne Dassonville-Darby
EMI Music Archives
Alan Kelly
Ruth Edge
Michael Kinnear