Recording Pioneers


Hubert Octave Célestin PERNOT  1870 - 1946   PIONEER    PARENTS    LIFE    NOTES    LABELS    PHOTOS    THANK YOU

PIONEER

Hubert Octave Célestin PERNOT  1870 - 1946

aka
nationality
occupation
birth 7 Aug 1870, Froideconche-les-Luxeuil, Haute Saône, FRANCE
baptism
death 27 June 1946, Pavillon Néerlandais à la Cité Universitaire de Paris, Paris, FRANCE
burial cremated on .... at Père-Lachaise, Paris.
marriage married on 15 July 1902, Arnhem, NETHERLANDS to:
Nicolette Gesiena TETTERODE

b. 9 Jan 1881, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS
d. 11 June 1971, Paris, FRANCE

children
  • Nicolette Ina

    b. 21 June 1903, Paris, FRANCE
    d. 9 March 2003, Williamsburg, James City county, VA, USA

  • Johanna Alide Marthe ("Annie")

    b. 16 Jan 1907, Fontenay-sous-Bois, FRANCE
    d. 2 Oct 2002, Meudon, FRANCE

  • Hélène Henriette ("Lénio")

    b. 17 Sep 1909, Fontenay-sous-Bois, FRANCE
    d. .. Feb/Mar 1945, Ravensbrück, GERMANY


PARENTS

father Hubert Hippolyte PERNOT

b. 22 Aug 1846, Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE
d. 1 May 1891, Paris, FRANCE

mother Octavie Céleste HAAZ

b. 2 Sep 1847, Valencia, COLOMBIA, SOUTH AMERICA
d. 25 May 1905, Epinay sur Seine, FRANCE

marriage They were married on 8 Oct 1868 in Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE
children
  • Alfred Octave Jean Baptiste

    b. 12 June 1869, Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE
    d. 22 June 1869 in Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE

  • Hubert Octave

    b. 7 Aug 1870, Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE
    d. 27 June 1946, Paris, FRANCE

  • Marthe Eugénie

    b. 30 Sep 1872, Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE
    d. ............

  • Alfred Hubert

    b. 20 Aug 1874, Froideconche, Haute Saône, FRANCE
    d. .............


LIFE



Author of En pays turc. L'île de Chio by Hubert Octave Pernot (J. Maisonneuve. Paris, 1903). Avec 17 melodies (recueillies au phonographe par l'auteur et 118 simili-gravures exécutées d'après les clichés de l'auteur, Appendice I. Mélodies populaires de Chio recueillies au phonographe par l'auteur et notées par Paul Le Flem: p. [227]-246 (Greek translation: Athens, 1981)

Adress in 1914: Fontenay-sous-Bois (Seine) 7, rue du Clos d'Orléans (Griech. Bücher) (source: Pantheon: Adressbuch der Kunst- und Antiquitäten-Sammler und -Händler, Bibliotheken, Archive, Museen, Kunst-, Altertums- und Geschichtsvereine, Bücherliebhaber, Numismatiker, 1914)


"Hubert PERNOT, born in a rural French village, became a scholar of world renown - a Doctor of Greek literature and professor of Modern Greek at the Sorbonne in Paris (University of Paris), and a director of the Institut de Phonétique and the Archives de la Parole (later called the Musée de la Parole et du Geste) at the Sorbonne. The core of the modern Library of the Neohellenic Institute at the Sorbonne is composed of his personal library and that of Emile Legrand, his mentor and coworker, which he had purchased after the latter's death. Over the course of his life Hubert authored over 40 books and numerous articles in professional journals.
After his mother left for Greece when he was age six, Hubert was apparently raised by his paternal grandmother, Rosalie BOUFFORT. He attended secondary schools at the colleges of Luxeuil and Gray in Haute Saône, and left at age 18 to take advanced studies in Paris where he later obtained a License-ès-Lettres in 1895 and Doctorat-ès-Lettres in 1908 from the Sorbonne. He was apparently a brilliant student, but lived at near poverty level; his letters to his mother in Greece frequently included requests for money.
Hubert PERNOT was an exceptional scholar of modern Greece with an extensive collection of work, both as scholar and author, who was closely linked to Greece and to Greek developments of his age. He was also a pioneer in the area of sound recording in the field for the purpose of conserving examples of voice and music. In 1898-99, he made two voyages to the island of Chios, during which, using an early Columbia recorder/reproducer of gramophone cylinders (predecessor of disc records), he recorded in the field the music of many of the island's traditional folk dances and songs. Some of these works were put to musical score by the composer Paul Le Flem and then served as the basis for the Cinq Mélodies Populaires Grecques (1906-1909) of Maurice Ravel. Taking advantage of a partnership at the Archives de la Parole with Emile Pathé, who provided engineers, equipment and an unlimited supply of records, Hubert traveled to Romania in 1928 and recorded traditional folk songs in the field there, and did the same in Czechoslovakia in 1929. In 1930, at the invitation of the Greek government, he spent 3 months in that country recording traditional folk music in the field, after which he returned to France with almost 200 78 rpm records he had produced. He also recorded, in collaboration with Pathé, over 500 examples of native music, songs, and dialects from various French colonies in Africa, Asia and the Pacific for the 1931 International Colonial Exposition in Paris.
A restless and daring thinker, Hubert was also one of the first to believe in the power of photography, which he used to document his research, as well as to raise interest about Greece in the French public. He traveled throughout Greece in the late 1890's and early 1900's, selecting topics to photograph that together compose a unique record of the landscape and its inhabitants from 1898 to 1913. This collection of photographs is also maintained at the Library of the Neohellenic Institute at the Sorbonne.
Hubert retired in 1937, but continued to write at home in Torteron, France. During World War II, he and his family hid a number of downed English pilots and crewmembers in their home in Torteron and facilitated their escape and return to England. His daughter Lénio was an active member of the French Resistance in the area around Torteron who was eventually arrested by the Nazis and killed by them in Ravensbruck Concentration Camp shortly before the end of the war."
(unpublished manuscript (work in progress) written by Andrew Ringgold and kindly made available for this website)



NOTES

  • Descendants of Rodolphe Joseph Haaz (online document)
  • Hubert Pernot (Froideconche-les-Luxeuil, 1870 - Paris, Juni 1946) by S. Antoniades (in: DBNL (Digitale Bibliotheek Nederlandse letteren) - Jaarboek van de Maatschappij der Nederlandse Letterkunde, 1947) online article
  • Unpublished manuscript (work in progress) by Andrew Ringgold
  • En pays turc. L’île de Chio, avec 17 mélodies populaires et 118 simili-gravures by Hubert Pernot (Paris, 1903. Maisonneuve, 284 pp., in-8.) online version available
  • Rapport sur une mission scientifique en Turquie (Nouv. Arch. Des miss. Scient. et lit., t. XI), tiré à part sous le titre Mélodies populaires grecques de l’île de Chio, recueillies au phonographe par H. Pernot et mise en musique par P. le Flem. Paris, Leroux, 129 pp., in-8. (Renferme 114 mélodies dont 4 ont été reproduites et harmonisées par Maurice Ravel.)
  • Les enregistrements du musée de la Parole et du Geste à l’Exposition coloniale. Entre science, propagande et commerce by Pascal Cordereix (in: Vingtième Siècle. Revue d'histoire 4/2006 (no 92), p. 47-59; also online article)
  • Dhimotikes melodies apo ti Chio (Folk Melodies from Chios) by Hubert Pernot and Paul Le Flem. New Simplified and Corrected Notation by Marcos Ph. Dragoumis and Thanasis Moraitis. The Friends of the Musical Ethnological Archive of Melpo Merlier. Athens, 2006 (2nd edition)
  • Les crimes allemands à Ravensbrück by Hubert Pernot, Professeur honoraire à la Sorbonne (in: Le Journal du Centre of 30 June 1945)
  • Hélène Pernot, Tante Lénio 1909-1945 by Hubert Pernot (unpublished private notes)
  • Arbre généalogique Andy Ringgold - GeneaNet (online family tree)
  • Hommage à Hubert Pernot (in: Annales de l’Université de Paris, April-June 1947)
  • Nécrologie: Hommage à Hubert Pernot (20 Janvier 1947) by André Mirambel (in: Byzantion 18, 1948, pp. 335-348)
  • Hubert Pernot 1870-1946 (obituary) by Polymnia A. Lascaris (in: Réforme of 13 July 1946 (Paris, France))
  • Afieroma ston Hubert Pernot. O Daskalos mou by Octave Merlier (in: Nea Hestia vol. 491, pp. 2-14 (Athens 1947))
  • Oumvertos Perno by N. P. Andriotis (in: Nea Hestia vol. 491, pp. 15-18 (Athens 1947))
  • Hubert Pernot. Grapsimata tou kai thimises mou by Nikos A. Veïs (in: Nea Hestia vol. 491, pp. 19-31 (Athens 1947))
  • Herdenking van H. Pernot (7 Augustus 1870 - 27 Juni 1946) by S. Antoniadis (in: Jaarboek, 1947-1948, Amsterdam, pp. 216-221 (online article)
  • Les fonds sonores du département de l’Audiovisuel de la Bibliothèque nationale de France by Pascal Cordereix (in: Le Temps des médias 2/2005 (n° 5), p. 253-264 (also online article))


COMPANIES & LABELS



PHOTOS

Hubert O. Pernot (1870-1946) at the age of 32
Hubert O. Pernot (1870-1946) at the age of 58
House of Hubert Pernot at Torteron, Cher (1937-1945)
Photo: Andy Ringgold
War Dead Memorial at Torteron Cemetery
Photo: Andy Ringgold
Plaque on War Dead Memorial at Torteron Cemetery commemorating the death of Hélène Pernot in 1945 at Ravensbrück, Germany.
Photo: Andy Ringgold



THANK YOU


Andy Ringgold
Pierre et Jocelyne Charlois
Nadine Bisson
Catherine Clausse