Recording Pioneers


Erich Moritz von HORNBOSTEL  1877 - 1935 PIONEER    PARENTS    LIFE    NOTES    LABELS    PHOTOS    THANK YOU

PIONEER

Erich Moritz von HORNBOSTEL  1877 - 1935

aka Erich M. von Hornbostel, E. M. von Hornbostel, Erich von Hornbostel, E. von Hornbostel
nationality Austrian
occupation ethnomusicologist
birth 25 Feb 1877, Vienna, AUSTRIA
baptism
death 28 Nov 1935, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, ENGLAND
burial
marriage married on 21 Aug 1903 in Berlin, Brandenburg, GERMANY:
Susanne ("Susi") APOLANT

b. 22 July 1881, Berlin, Brandenburg, GERMANY
d. 29 Sep 1956, Holtsville, Suffolk, NY

children
  • Johannes ("Schani") von HORNBOSTEL = John HORNBOSTEL

    b. .. <1905>, Berlin, GERMANY
    d. 8 Mar 1969, Brookhaven, NY


PARENTS

father Erich Otto von HORNBOSTEL

b. 24 Oct 1846, Vienna, AUSTRIA
d. 7 Mar 1910, .................

mother Helen MAGNUS

b. 11 Nov 1840, Hamburg, GERMANY
d. 18 Oct 1914, Vienna, AUSTRIA

marriage they got married on 23 June 1876 in Vienna, AUSTRIA
children
  • Erich Moritz

    b. 25 Feb 1877, Vienna, AUSTRIA
    d. 28 Nov 1935, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, ENGLAND


LIFE


Director of the Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv

In 1906 to USA

Cairo 1932

Left Germany in 1933:


Erich von HORNBOSTEL (56y) Professor
Susanne von HORNBOSTEL (52y)
Johannes von HORNBOSTEL (29y) physician
SS "CHAMPLAIN"
Dep. Le Havre (FRANCE): 6 Sept 1933
Arr. New York: 13 Sept 1933



Erich von HORNBOSTEL (54y) Student
Susanne von HORNBOSTEL (52y)
SS "MONARCH OF BERMUDA"
departure Hamilton, BERMUDA: 22 May 1934,
arrival New York: 24 May 1934

On behalf of the Carl Lindström A. G. Kulturabteilung, Berlin S. O. 36, Erich von Hornbostel produced a 12-record set entitled Musik des Orients . This set contained recordings from Japan, China, Java, Bali, Siam (Thailand), India, Persia, Egypt and Tunis (4 records on the Parlophon label and 8 records on the Odeon label) and a 26-page booklet with explanatory notes and 15 photographs.
After much delay it was finally issued in May 1931.

In May 1931 The Kulturabteilung of the Carl Lindström A.G. in Berlin issued an important album of 18 ten-inch and 6 eleven-inch recordings entitled Musik des Orients, which had previously been made in the Orient. These were selected by Prof. Dr. E.M. von Hornbostel, one of the first ethno-musicologists. He wrote an accompanying 26-page booklet (22 x 28 cm), one page for each recording, with photographs of the musicians and a description of the musical context, the scales and the instruments (internet)

1. (Japan) Naga-uta “Urashima”
Parlophon B. 37034
96209
............................................................................
2. (Japan) Ha-uta “Umenimo Haru”
Parlophon B. 37034
96494 -1
............................................................................
3. (Japan) Shinnai “Sekitori Senryonobori”
Parlophon B. 37035
96684 -1
............................................................................
4. (Japan) Matsumae - Oiwake
Parlophon B. 37035
96133
............................................................................
5. (China) Klassisches Drama (Kun-ch’ü) “P’i-p’a-chi”
Odeon O-4490
Tab 39
HL = Heinrich Lampe
............................................................................
6. (China) Modernes Drama (His-pi) “Tso fang Tsao
Odeon O-4490
Teb 321
HL = Heinrich Lampe
............................................................................
7. (China) Modernes Drama (Pang-tsè) “Nan-tien-mên”
Odeon O-4491
Teb 428
Dr = ..........? Dargatz?
............................................................................
8. (Java - Sundanesisch) “Udan mas”
Odeon O-4491
Jab 50
MB = Max Birckhahn
............................................................................
9. (Java-Jogjakarta) Gamelan Slendro “Sekar gadung”
Odeon O- 1936
Jab 129
MB = Max Birckhahn
............................................................................
10. (Java-Jogjakarta) Gamelan Pelog “Kinanti madumurti”
Odeon O- 1936
Jab 157
MB = Max Birckhahn
............................................................................
11. (Bali) Gender Wajang “Selèndero”
Od O-4492
Jab 557
F = Siegfried Frenz
............................................................................
12. (Bali) Gamelan Anklung “Berong pengètjèt”
Od O-4492
Jab 581
F = Siegfried Frenz
............................................................................
13. (Bali) Gamelan Djogèd “Tjetjing Kereman”
Od O-4493
Jab 596
F = Siegfried Frenz
............................................................................
14. (Bali) Djangèr Putih saput anduk”
Od O-4493
Jab 573
F = Siegfried Frenz
............................................................................
15. (Bali) Gamelan Gong “Lagu Keblar”
Parlophon 37036
28180
r = .........?
............................................................................
16. (Siam) Musikdrama, Szene aus der Rama-Legende
Parlophon 37036
25695
Bn = Max Birckhahn
............................................................................
17. (Vorderindien, 11”) Jummoo Gesang, Râga Biläval
Od O-5167
95006 xK 194
............................................................................
18. (Vorderindien, 11”) Meerut “Râga Bhairavi”
Od O-5167
95121 xK 333
............................................................................
19. (Persien, 11”) Volkstümlicher Gesang
Od- 5168
xES 563
D = Jürg Dargatz?
............................................................................
20. (Aegypten), Kunstlied Maqäm Sika
Od- 5168
Ex 1356
............................................................................
21. (Aegypten 11”) Bäshrav “Kuzum” Maqäm Hijaz” part 1
Odeon O-5169
Ex 1803 -a
............................................................................
22. (Aegypten 11”) Bäshrav “Kuzum” Maqäm Hijaz” part 2
Odeon O-5169
Ex 1803 -b
............................................................................
23. (Tunis) Kunstlied “Maqam Mezmum”
Parlo B. 37037
115057
F = Siegfried Frenz
............................................................................
24. Derwish- Chor, Maqam-Dil
Parlo B. 37037

115061
F = Siegfried Frenz

- In my collection are two records from the same album (# 5/6 and # 15/16) issued on the British Parlophone label with coupling numbers M.O. 102 and M.O. 107 respectively.
Coupling numbers of the complete set must have run from M.O. 100 to M.O. 111...

- The same set of recordings was later - also as 78rpm records - released in the U.S.A. on the Decca label.
In my collection are recordings #19 and #20.
Recording # 19 (face number: 20129 A) has a new matrix number: CE 6456-1 and recording #20 (facenumber 20129 B) has matrix number CE 6439-1. Since the Odeon originals were 27cm recordings these Decca issues must be electronic transfers, which explains the new matrix numbers.

- This same compilation was in 1951 reissued as a 2-record set (with 10-page booklet) in the Decca Gold Label Series 33 21531/3 rpm Long Play Records under the title: Music of the Orient. A Survey of the Principal Music of All High Oriental Cultures (Decca DX-107)

- Later it was also released as a double-LP on Folkways (FE 4157) and now re-issued by Smithsonian Folkways as FW 04157 and FW 04157-CCD.
This was not the Folkways FE 4175 album: The Demonstration Collection of E. M. Von Hornbostel. Documentary recording from Indiana University archives of folk and primitive music, and the Ethnomusicological Division of Museum for Ethnology in Berlin.
"The LP mentioned is not the "Musik des Orients"-reedition, but a reedition (not complete) of the Demonstration collection. This was a wax cylinder collection, compiled by Hornbostel around 1920 and consisting of 120 wax cylinders (a list, together with introduction by Hornbostel is published in: Artur Simon (Hg./Ed.): Das Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv. Sammlungen der traditionellen Musik der Welt. / The Berlin Phonogramm-Archiv 1900-2000. Collections of Traditional Music of the World. VWB - Verlag für Wissenschaft und Bildung, Berlin 2000). The Reedition of Folkways (FE 4175) of 1963 contains only 42 out of 120 cylinder recordings, since the edition was not based on the matrices (which were taken by the Russians), but on copies available in US." (Susanne Ziegler in e-mail)
Re-issued as CD by Smithsonian Folkways (FW 04175-CCD)


NOTES

  • Über die Bedeutung des Phonographen für vergleichende Musikwissenschaft by Otto Abraham and Erich Moritz von Hornbostel (in: Zeitschrift für Ethnologie no. 36 (1904)
  • Talk given by Susanne Ziegler (Phonogrammarchiv, Berlin) at 2009 Diskografentag Hildesheim
  • Max Wertheimer & Gestalt theory by D. Brett King and Michael Wertheimer, chapter 13: Personal Challenges; Productive Students, pp. 319-...
  • Das Phonogramm-Archiv an der Berliner Universität (in: Phonographische Zeitschrift 8. Jahrg., No. 49, p. 1403 (of 5 Dec 1907)
  • Songcatchers: in search of the world's music by Mickey Hart with K. M. Kostyal (National Geographic, Washington, D.C., 2003)
  • Das tönende Buch by Rainer Lotz (in: The Lindström Project. Contributions to the history of the record industry / Beiträge zur Geschichte der Schallplattenindustrie. Vol. 3, pp. 18 & 25 (editors: Pekka Gronow & Christiane Hofer). Gesellschaft für Historische Tonträger, Wien 2011. ISBN 978-3-9500502-2-9)
  • In Memoriam (of John Hornbostel) (in Brookhaven Bulletin, Vol. 23, No. 11 of 13 March 1969)


COMPANIES & LABELS



PHOTOS

NO PICTURE AVAILABLE YET


THANK YOU


Susanne Ziegler